Flora and Fauna of Manipur
Manipur, better know as “the Jewel of India” is a serene land surrounded by blue hills with an oval shaped valley at the centre. This land is rich in art and tradition and surcharged with nature's pristine glory. Blessed with an amazing variety of flora and fauna, 67% of the geographical area of Manipur is hill tract covered forests. Depending on the altitude of hill ranges, the climatic condition varies from tropical to sub-alpine. In Manipur, they are abound in their natural habitat growing in soil or on trees and shrubs speaking their beauty and color, stunning the eye that is not used to seeing them. There are 500 varieties of orchids which grow in Manipur of which 472 have been identified. The wet forests and the pine forests occur between 900-2700 m above MSL and they together sustain a host of rare and endemic plant and animal life.
Coveted the world over as some of the most beautiful and precious blooms, orchids have an aura of exotic, mysteries about them. The plant kingdom in Manipur constitutes of Parasites and Epiphytes, Succulent Plants, Trees and Shrubs known as Phanerophytes.
Manipur is a treasure trove of Nature, with its rich variation of dense endemic and cultivated flora. Manipur is the prosperous, green land of rolling plains and dense forests in the north eastern part of India. In addition to 'Siroi Lily' which is the only terrestrial lily grown on the hill tops of Siroi hill, Ukhrul, the Hoolock Gibbon, the Sloe Loris, the Clauded Leopard, the Spotted Linshang, Mrs. Hume's Barbacked Pheasant, Blyths Tragopan, Burmese Pea-Fowl, four different species of Hornbills etc. form only a part of the rich natural fauna of Manipur. However, the most unique is the Sangai the dancing deer. The floating mass of vegetation on the Loktak Lake sustains small herds of this endemic deer which unfortunately has the dubious distinction of being the most threatened Cervid (known as Phumdi) in the World. Other mentionable fauna is Salamander known as 'Lengwa' found at the foothill of Siroi in Ukhrul.
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